Math 7 Syllabus

Ratios and Proportional Relationships - 30 days

 

 

 

  • Apply and extend previous understandings of equivalent ratios.
  • Compute unit rates associated with ratios of fractions.
  • Decide whether two quantities are in a proportional relationship by testing for equivalent ratios in a table.
  • Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities
  • Decide whether two quantities are in a proportional relationship by graphing on a coordinate plane and observing whether the graph is a straight line through the origin.
  • Explain what a point (x, y) on the graph of a proportional relationship means in terms of the situation, with special attention to the points (0, 0) and (1, r) where r is the unit rate.
  • Identify the constant of proportionality (unit rate) in tables, graphs, equations, diagrams and verbal descriptions of proportional relationships.
  • Represent proportional relationships by equations.
  • Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures.
  • Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems involving taxes and gratuities (tips).
  • Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problem involving simple interest.
  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving the four operations with rational numbers.
  • Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems involving percent increase, decrease, markups and markdowns.

 

 

 

 

Rational Numbers – Topic 4 -10 days

 

 

  • Apply and extend previous understandings of rational numbers, including opposites and absolute value as a distance from zero.
  • Apply properties of operations to calculate with numbers in any form; convert between forms as appropriate; and assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies.
  • Apply and extend previous understandings of addition and subtraction to add and subtract rational numbers.
  • Use absolute value understanding to find p + q as the number located a distance |q| from p, in the positive or negative direction depending on whether q is positive or negative.
  • Interpret sums of rational numbers by describing real-world contexts.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quarterly 1

Rational Numbers – Topic 5 and 6 - 20 days

 

  • Use horizontal or vertical number line diagrams to represent addition and subtraction.
  • Solve subtraction problems involving rational numbers by adding the additive inverse, p - q = p + (-q).
  • Find the distance between two rational numbers on the number line using the absolute value of their difference, and apply this principle in real-world contexts.
  • Understand that multiplication is extended from fractions to rational numbers by requiring that operations continue to satisfy the properties of operations, particularly the distributive property, leading to products such as (-1)(-1) = 1 and the rules for multiplying signed numbers.
  • Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide rational numbers.
  • Interpret products of rational numbers by describing real-world contexts.
  • Understand that integers can be divided, provided that the divisor is not zero, and every quotient of integers (with non-zero divisor) is a rational number.
  • Interpret quotients of rational numbers by describing real-world contexts.
  • Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide rational numbers.
  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving the four operations with rational numbers.
  • Understand that integers can be divided, provided that the divisor is not zero, and every quotient of integers (with non-zero divisor) is a rational number.
  • Convert a rational number to a decimal using long division.
  • Recognize that the decimal form of a rational number terminates in 0s or eventually repeats.
  • Apply and extend previous understandings of fractions, decimals, and percents to use them interchangeably to solve real-world and mathematical problems.
  • Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems involving percent error.
  • Apply and extend previous understandings of fractions, decimals, and percents to use them interchangeably to solve problems.

 

 

 

Expressions and Equations - 25 days

 

  • Apply properties of operations as strategies to add, subtract, factor, and expand linear expressions with rational coefficients.
  • Understand that rewriting an expression in different forms in a problem context can shed light on the problem and how the quantities in it are related.
  • Use variables to represent quantities in a real-world or mathematical problem, and construct simple equations to solve problems by reasoning about the quantities.
  • Solve multi-step real-life and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals), using tools strategically.
  • Solve word problems leading to equations of the form px + q = r and p(x + q) = r, where p, q, and r are specific rational numbers. Solve equations of this form fluently.
  • Use variables to represent quantities in a real-world or mathematical problem, and construct simple inequalities to solve problems by reasoning about the quantities.
  • Graph the solution set of the inequality and interpret it in the context of the problem.
  • Solve word problems leading to inequalities of the form px + q > r or px + q < r, where p, q, and r are specific rational numbers. Graph the solution set of the inequality and interpret it in the context of the problem.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quarterly 2

Geometry - 35 days

  • Name parts of a geometric figure using appropriate letters and symbols.
  • Measure parts of geometric figures using the appropriate tools and units of measure.
  • Use facts about adjacent, complementary, supplementary and vertical angles in a multi-step problem to write and solve simple equations for an unknown angle in a figure.
  • Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions.
  • Apply and extend previous understandings of circles.
  • Solve problems using the formula for the circumference and area of a circle.
  • Give an informal derivation of the relationship between the circumference and area of a circle.
  • Construct triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle.
  • Describe the two-dimensional figures that result from slicing three-dimensional figures, as in plane sections of right rectangular prisms and right rectangular pyramids.
  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area of two-dimensional objects and surface area and volume of three-dimensional objects composed of triangles, quadrilaterals, and polygons.
  • Solve real-world problems involving surface area and volume of a three-dimensional object composed of right prisms.

Quarterly 3

Statistics - 20 days

  • Understand that statistics can be used to gain information about a population by examining a sample of the population.
  • Understand that generalizations about a population from a sample are valid only if the sample is representative of that population.
  • Use data from a random sample to draw inferences about a population with an unknown characteristic of interest.
  • Generate multiple samples (or simulated samples) of the same size to gauge the variation in estimates or predictions.
  • Use measures of center and measures of variability for numerical data from random samples.
  • Use measures of center and measures of variability for numerical data from random samples to draw informal comparative inferences about two populations.
  • Informally assess the degree of visual overlap of two numerical data distributions with similar variabilities, measuring the difference between the centers by expressing it as a multiple of a measure of variability.

Probability – 20 days

  • Identify the probability of a chance event using a number between 0 and 1 to express the likelihood of the event occurring.
  • Approximate the probability of a chance event by collecting data on the chance process that produces it and observing its long-run relative frequency, and predict the approximate relative frequency given the probability.
  • Develop a probability model and use it to find probabilities of events.
  • Compare probabilities from a model to observed frequencies; if the agreement is not good, explain possible sources of the discrepancy.
  • Develop a uniform probability model by assigning equal probability to all outcomes, and use the model to determine probabilities of events.
  • Represent sample spaces for compound events using methods such as organized lists, tables and tree diagrams.
  • Understand that, just as with simple events, the probability of a compound event is the fraction of outcomes in the sample space for which the compound event occurs.
  • Identify the outcomes in a sample space that compose a compound event described in everyday language.
  • Approximate the probability of a chance event by collecting data on the chance process that produces it and observing its long-run relative frequency, and predict the approximate relative frequency given the probability.
  • Find probabilities of compound events using organized lists, tables, tree diagrams, and simulation.
  • Design and use a simulation to generate frequencies for compound events.

Quarterly 4